The program is a research-based doctorate. It is designed for students and working professionals the PUBLIC HEALTH FIELD. The specialization in Epidemiology in the PhD program in PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES is designed to develop academic researchers in population-based epidemiology. A dissertation is required. For an alternative to a dissertation, students can enroll in the Option 2-degree program, the DOCTOR OF PUBLIC HELATH MANAGEMENT, which focuses on the application of knowledge to solve professional challenges. A capstone culminates the program. Students have the option to customize their degree and develop a different area of focus.